Financial Overview

OVERVIEW

In 2018, the Company comprehensively deepened the implementation of “Focus Strategy”. The Company’s revenue was RMB290.88 billion in 2018, up by 5.8% year-on-year, of which service revenue improved steadily and reached RMB263.68 billion, up by 5.9% year-on-year. Net profit1 was RMB10.20 billion, up by RMB8.37 billion year-on-year.

In 2018, net cash flow from operating activities was RMB92.39 billion. Capital expenditure was RMB44.87 billion. Liabilities-to-assets ratio was 41.8% as at 31 December 2018.

REVENUE

In 2018, the Company’s revenue was RMB290.88 billion, up by 5.8% year-on-year, of which, service revenue accounted for RMB263.68 billion, up by 5.9% year-on-year.

The table below sets forth the composition of service revenue, and the percentage contribution of each service to total service revenue for the years of 2018 and 2017:

Financial
Overview

Service
Revenue
(RMB BIL)
263.68
Non-Voice
Services
(RMB BIL)
217.62
Net Profit
457.8 %
Note 1: Net Profit represented
profit attributable to equity
shareholders of the company
2018 2017
(RMB in billions) Total amountAs a percentage of service revenue Total amountAs a percentage of service revenue
Service revenue 263.68100.0% 249.02100.0%
Include : Voice service 46.0617.5% 53.5221.5%
Non-voice service 217.6282.5% 195.5078.5%

Voice Service

In 2018, service revenue from the voice service was RMB46.06 billion, down by 13.9% year-on-year.

Non-Voice Service

In 2018, service revenue from the non-voice service was RMB217.62 billion, up by 11.3% year-on-year.

COSTS AND EXPENSES

In 2018, total costs and expenses amounted to RMB277.80 billion, up by 2.0% year-on-year.

The table below sets forth the items of the costs and expenses and their respective percentage of the revenue for the years of 2018 and 2017:

2018  2017 
(RMB in billions) Total amountAs a percentage of revenue Total amountAs a percentage of revenue
Total costs and expenses 277.8095.50% 272.2499.06%
Operating costs 281.7596.86% 270.8998.57%
Include: Interconnection charges 12.584.32% 12.624.59%
Depreciation and amortisation 75.7826.05% 77.4928.20%
Network, operation and support expenses 55.0818.93% 54.5119.83%
Employee benefit expenses 48.1416.55% 42.4715.45%
Costs of telecommunications products sold 27.609.49% 26.649.69%
Selling and marketing expenses 35.1712.09% 34.0912.40%
General, administrative and other expenses 27.409.43% 23.078.41%
Finance costs, net of interest income -0.09-0.03% 4.091.49%
Share of net profit of associates -2.48-0.85% -0.89-0.32%
Share of net profit of joint ventures -0.60-0.21% -0.57-0.21%
Other income-net -0.78-0.27% -1.28-0.47%

Interconnection charges

The interconnection charges amounted to RMB12.58 billion in 2018, down by 0.3% year-on-year and, as a percentage of revenue, decreased from 4.59% in 2017 to 4.32% in 2018.

Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation and amortisation charges were RMB75.78 billion in 2018, down by 2.2% year-on-year and, as a percentage of revenue, decreased from 28.20% in 2017 to 26.05% in 2018.

Network, operation and support expenses

Network, operation and support expenses were RMB55.08 billion in 2018, up by 1.0% year-on-year and, as a percentage of revenue, decreased from 19.83% in 2017 to 18.93% in 2018.

Employee benefit expenses

As a result of the improved operating results, the Company’s employee benefit expenses amounted to RMB48.14 billion in 2018, up by 13.4% year-on-year and, as a percentage of revenue, changed from 15.45% in 2017 to 16.55% in 2018.

Cost of telecommunications products sold

Costs of telecommunications products sold amounted to RMB27.60 billion and revenue from sales of telecommunications products amounted to RMB27.19 billion in 2018. Loss on sales of telecommunications products was RMB0.41 billion, of which handset subsidy cost amounted to RMB0.96 billion in 2018, down by 23.7% year-on-year.

Selling and marketing expenses

Selling and marketing expenses were RMB35.17 billion in 2018, up by 3.2% year-on-year and, as a percentage of revenue, decreased from 12.40% in 2017 to 12.09% in 2018.

General, administrative and other expenses

General, administrative and other expenses were RMB27.40 billion in 2018, up by 18.7% year-on-year and, as a percentage of revenue, changed from 8.41% in 2017 to 9.43% in 2018.

Finance costs, net of interest income

Finance costs, net of interest income, was RMB-0.09 billion in 2018, down by 102.1% year-on-year.

Other income-net

Other income-net was RMB0.78 billion in 2018, down by RMB0.50 billion year-on-year.

EARNINGS

Profit before income tax

In 2018, the Company’s profit before income tax was RMB13.08 billion, up by RMB10.49 billion year-on-year.

Income tax

In 2018, the Company’s income tax was RMB2.82 billion and the effective tax rate was 21.6%.

Net profit

In 2018, the Company’s net profit1 was RMB10.20 billion, up by RMB8.37 billion year-on-year. Basic earnings per share was RMB0.333, up by 347.9% year-on-year.

EBITDA2

In 2018, the Company’s EBITDA was RMB84.91 billion, up by 4.3% year-on-year. EBITDA as a percentage of service revenue was 32.2%, down by 0.5 percentage points year-on-year.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURE AND CASH FLOW

In 2018, capital expenditure of the Company totaled RMB44.87 billion, which mainly consisted of investments in mobile network, broadband and data, and infrastructure and transmission network etc. In 2018, the Company’s net cash inflow from operating activities was RMB92.39 billion. Free cash flow was RMB47.52 billion after the deduction of the capital expenditure.

The table below sets forth the major items of the capital expenditure in 2018.

2018
RMB (in billions) Total amount As percentage
Total 44.87 100.0%
Include: Mobile network 18.73 41.7%
Broadband and data 9.16 20.4%
Infrastructure and transmission network 10.32 23.0%
Others 6.66 14.9%

BALANCE SHEET

The Company’s total assets changed from RMB571.98 billion as at 31 December 2017 to RMB540.32 billion as at 31 December 2018. Total liabilities changed from RMB267.64 billion as at 31 December 2017 to RMB226.03 billion as at 31 December 2018. The liabilities-to-assets ratio down by 46.8% as at 31 December 2017 to 41.8% as at 31 December 2018. The debt-to-capitalisation ratio down by 19.5% as at 31 December 2017 to 11.3% as at 31 December 2018. The net debt-to-capitalisation ratio was 2.8% as at 31 December 2018.

Note 1: Net profit represented the profit attributable to equity shareholders of the Company.

Note 2: EBITDA represents profit for the year before finance costs, interest income, shares of net profit of associates, share of net profit of joint ventures, other income-net, income tax, depreciation and amortisation. As the telecommunications business is a capital intensive industry, capital expenditure and finance costs may have a significant impact on the net profit of the companies with similar operating results. Therefore, the Company believes that EBITDA may be helpful in analysing the operating results of a telecommunications service operator like the Company.

MY ANNUAL REPORT

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